Bubble Sextant Mk IXA

Astronomy

Accession Number: 2019.ast.152

Description:

This object is contained in a dark red plastic box with a slanted lid, that is held closed with two metallic clips. A card label is attached to a leather handle; this is torn in half. The missing part of the label is tucked inside the box, alongside another paper label.

The instrument itself is roughly the shape of a right-angle triangle, with an eyepiece on the one side through which a bubble is visible. On one side of this blocky triangle there is a plastic tube with an unscrewable cap (for holding batteries) and a notched wheel. At the front of the triangle there is a large round cylindrical piece on the front of which there is a rotating key and an indicator arrow, and on one side a window with rotating dial indicating numbers. On the other side of the sextant there a number of knobs, indicators, and switches. These include: a rotating dial cut with holes of different aperture, a knob named “DEG”, a switch marked “INCREASE” that alters other indicators on the instrument and a flat white plastic section divided into four section on which is written “OBJECT” “START” “FINISH” “ALTITUDE” for recording observations.

The object is open on the top along the slanted edge. Visible inside the object there is mounted a slanted mirror which diverts light into the instrument.

On the top of the object there is a metal hook onto which a metal clip is attached. Next to this, there is a circular glass window with a rotating cover which can be slid across the window to close or open it.

Inside the box there is also a cylindrical object wrapped in dark orange paper attached to purple textile-insulated wiring, a pair of papery cylinders, padding to protect the instrument.

Primary Materials:

Metal: Iron Alloy, Plastic, Glass, Rubber

Markings:

On the white label on the box: “A.M.
6B/21B
BUBBLE SEXTANT MK.IX.A
No 3520/42
INDEX CORRN
WITHOUT 0
WITH 50 INCREASE 0”

On a red sticky label affixed on the box: “AVIATION ELECTRIC
MONTREAL CANADA
REF. NO. 6B/133
DATE 19-9-57”

On a white label on the box: “Ast60b”

On the side of the instrument: “A.M.
BUBBLE SEXTANT
MARK IXA
REF. No 6B/218
BRIT. PATS
48OH2 49062k
AND PENDING”

“SERIAL No 7551/42”

On a label affixed to the cylindrical section: “SERIAL No 13200/43”

Dimensions (cm): Length = 27, Width = 20.5, Height = 24

Function:

The Bubble Sextant enables stellar navigation in situations where a standard sextant cannot be used as the horizon may not be level, as in an aircraft. The bubble creates an artificial horizon when the sextant is held correctly.

Condition:

Very Good: The box of the sextant is in good condition, although very dusty. In places, it is dented and scratched, although not badly. The leather handle is in fair condition, with a few small tears and cracks on the smooth surface, but otherwise intact. The sextant itself is in very good condition. It has minor damage on the edges of the instrument in the form of places where paint/surfacing has been scratched or chipped off.

The rubber surround of the eyepiece is still soft and intact. It is bent on the right side, towards the instrument, where it has pressed against the coiled wire inside the box.

Manufacturer: U.K. Air Ministry

Date of Manufacture: 1942

Provenance:

The sextant was acquired by the Department of Astronomy or the David Dunlap Observatory sometime after 1957 (when it was last overhauled). This object was likely moved from the David Dunlap Observatory in Richmond Hill in 2008, upon the sale of the observatory. It was stored at the Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics until 2017, when it was moved to a new storage location in McLennan Physical Laboratories.